Children between 3 to 6 years of age have many needs. Emotionally, they need love and acceptance. They need security and order but also the freedom to explore. Montessori preschool and kindergarten teachers prepare environments that allow children to explore and experience purposeful activities.

Classrooms have child-sized tables and chairs arranged individually or in small clusters. Classroom materials are placed on child-height shelves throughout the room. Activities are initially presented by the teacher. Afterwards, they may be chosen by the children as interest dictates.


Classroom materials usually include activities for engaging in practical skills such as pouring and spooning, materials for the development of the senses, math materials, language materials, music and art materials, and more.


Children between 6 to 9 years are actively social and begin to demonstrate an ability to think abstractly. Montessori education, at the lower elementary level, is designed to spark the imagination and to address the child’s need to interact with others.

Through observation, teachers outline individual plans for each child’s developmental level.  Children are encouraged to learn both in cooperation with each other and independently. A multi-age group, 6-9 years of age, provides a community of support. A certified teacher facilitates a child's learning according to their skills and interests.



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Children between 9 to 12 years of age are seeking to bring order to the various disconnected facts and ideas they encounter in the world. Using their imagination and thinking hypothetically, they move from concrete representation to abstract thinking.

Montessori upper elementary students move from only being concerned with right and wrong to seeking understanding of what motivates behavior. This is a time of significant moral development as students imagine and develop solutions to moral issues that they are confronted with.

Montessori teachers create rich environments for their holistic development, providing bridges that move them from concrete learning to abstraction.